Functional Interface Consumer

Java Consumer: A Comprehensive Guide with Examples фото

Consumer<T> is a built-in functional interface included in Java SE 8 in the java.util.function package. The consumer is used when an object should be taken as input and some operation should be performed on the object without returning any result. 

Example 1. java.util.function.Consumer Interface

The definition of the interface is shown in the example:

public interface Consumer<T> {
    void accept(T t);

Function descriptor is:

T -> void

A common example of using a Consumer interface is printing:

Example 2. Use of java.util.function.Consumer interface in Lambda Expression

public class Exam {
    private String name;
    private String version;

    public Exam(String name, String version) { = name;
        this.version = version;

    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public String getVersion() {
        return version;
Consumer<Exam> consumer = e -> System.out.println(e.getName() +
         " " + e.getVersion());
consumer.accept(new Exam("OCPJP", "8"));
consumer.accept(new Exam("OCJP", "6"));

The Consumer interface also has the default method, which returns a composed Consumer that performs, in sequence, the operation of the consumer followed by the operation of the parameter:

default Consumer<T> andThen(Consumer<? super T> after)

Example 3. Usage of the default method andThen of java.util.function.Consumer interface

Let's view at the example which uses the andThen method:

Consumer<String> first = t -> System.out.println(t.toUpperCase());
Consumer<String> second = t -> System.out.println(t.toLowerCase());
first.andThen(second).accept("Hello world");

The output is:

hello world
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