Sub-Resources

RESTful

Sub-Resources


1. The Sub-Resource Methods

The sub-resource methods are methods of a resource class that are annotated with @Path and one of the request method designators (@GET, @PUT, @POST or @DELETE).

Example 1.1. Sub-resource Method

The getCategories() method is sub-resource method, which is invoked by /exams/categories URI. If the request path is /exams, then resource method getExams() is invoked.

@Path("exams")
public class ExamService {
   
    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String getExams() {
        ...
    }

    @GET
    @Path("/categories")
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String getCategories() {
        ...
    }
}

2. The Sub-resource locators

Sub-resource locators are methods that are annotated with @Path but without request method designator. Sub-resource methods handle an HTTP request directly and sub-resource locators return an object that will handle an HTTP request.

  • Sub-resource locators can reuse resource classes.
  • A sub-resource locator supports polymorphism.
  • The runtime don't manage the life-cycle or perform any field injection onto instances returned from sub-resource locator methods.
  • The sub resource locator can also return a programmatic resource model.

Example 2.1. Sub-resource Locator

The root resource class ExamService has the sub-resource locator method getCategories() which returns a new resource class. If the path of the request URL is "exams/categories" then first the root resource will be matched, then the sub-resource locator will be matched and called. 

@Path("exams")
public class ExamService {

    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String getExams() {
        ...
    }

    @Path("/categories")
    public CategoryService getCategories() {
        return new CategoryService();
    }

}
public class CategoryService {

    @GET
    public String getCategories() {
        ...
    }
}

Example 2.2. Sub-resource Locators created from classes

If it is required that the runtime manages the sub-resources as standard resources the Class should be returned:

@Path("exams")
public class ExamService {
    @Path("/")
    public Class<CategoryService> getCategories() {
        return  CategoryService.class;
    }
}
@Singleton
public class CategoryService {

    @GET
    public String getCategories() {
        ...
    }
}

  

Sources: Jersey Tutorial - Root Resource Classes.

See also How to build RESTful Web Services using Jersey



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